Wooden laminate is a very thin layer of material that is applied to the surface of the core of a wood product in order to give it a different appearance. Laminates may be made from any material. However, veneers, which are very thin sheets of wood, are the most frequently used material to make laminates. Lamination involves gluing and heating two surfaces to generate a more durable substance.
A tale to be told….
The lamination of wood is a very old and maybe the oldest technique. The pharaohs’ graves included wood that had been laminated using an old technique. A thousand years ago, it is known that the Chinese shaved wood and glued it together. Evidently, the process has emerged as a more complex technology in a world where the number of laminating applications has increased.
The finishing of furniture produced throughout the 17th and 18th centuries improved. The English and French used an early kind of laminates built from layers of hardwood, while Russia had a similar technique. Domestic items, such as cabinets, desktops, chests, and doors, were manufactured using laminate on a large scale. This was the early modern period; construction-grade laminates like plywood did not arrive until the twentieth century, several years later.
Products Made from Wooden Laminate
Laminated wood products offer a wide range of applications.
- Cross-laminated timber (CLT) may indeed be applied in a building for both interior and exterior walls, as well as for floor segregation.
- In construction, Glue Laminated Timber (GLT) may be utilized as shafts or columns.
- Solid wood boards are used in the furniture business for worktops, countertops, cabinets, and other goods.
- Multi-layered boards may be utilized for internal wall cladding, providing a natural appearance in the interior design.
- Other applications for laminated wood products encompass window and door frameworks.
Types of cores in wood laminates:
- Lumber Core
Lumber core plywood is most commonly used in the fabrication of imported panels, which are normally just 18 mm thick. Lumber Core plywood has front and back veneers, a cross band veneer, and rim-glued lumber in the midst. Lumber core plywood should be used because of its bending strength and efficiency to retain screws. Lumber Core plywood’s robustness makes it an ideal choice for building long or broad shelves, closet doors, or trendy wardrobe laminate.
- Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
The Medium Density Fiberboard Core is the panel core with the most consistent thickness and uniformity. Front and back veneers are adhered precisely to the MDF core, eliminating the necessity for cross-band veneer. MDF Core panels are the best choice for 32mm installations because they are all of the same thickness and size.
- Particleboard Core
Compared to MDF core panels, particleboard core panels are built with front and back veneers that are covalently bound to the core. The screw-hold strength is not present in the particleboard core, which rests flat like MDF. The least expensive form of the core is the particleboard core.
- Veneer Core
Veneer Core plywood consists of a central veneer and cross-band veneers layered sequentially on both sides of the center to provide an unusual number of veneers for the core. Veneer Core plywood has exceptional weight-bearing resistance, bending strength, and screw-holding efficiency. Veneer core panels are perhaps the lightest of all core variants.
Advantages of Laminated Products
There are various compelling reasons to choose a laminated wood product. The majority of them are associated with the qualities of the wood. Wood is a natural substance with various beneficial properties.
- It stores carbon dioxide in the raw material and is therefore regarded as a more sustainable option when compared to other architectural materials such as concrete and steel.
- Wooden laminate is a good material because it is strong for its weight, especially when compared to steel and concrete, which are much heavier.
- Wood is typically inefficient at transferring heat; it has a naturally excellent insulating property, particularly when compared to steel.
- Fire protection with laminated wood is usually very excellent, and laminated wood is one of the finest and safest construction materials. When laminated wood is exposed to fire, it chars rather than burns. If glued laminated timber is exposed to fire, the fire will not spread. Only in the presence of fire can the laminated wood product burn. Buildings constructed with laminated wood products or mass timber parts meet fire resistance guidelines.
Why is wooden laminate stronger than normal wood?
Solid wood, or hardwood, is exactly what it looks like: wood that has been hacked and molded from a tree and has rings, fissures, and inconsistencies. A sturdy piece of wood may run or go against the groove, implying that the grain is a weak point where the wood may shatter or splinter. Laminated wood is made of several layers of wood with grain that runs in the same direction that has been glued together.
The quality enhancement below makes wooden laminate stronger than solid wood:
- Layers upon layers of wood contribute to grain disruption.
- The sections are enhanced by the adhesives used to adhere them securely.
- Flexibility reduces the stress on the laminated wood.
- For further sturdiness, a varnish or film is put on the top and bottom of some laminated woods.
- Laminated wood is a durable and simple-to-clean material.
- One may choose numerous colors and designs according to their preferences and demands.
- One may cut it into the required shapes at one’s leisure, depending on the optimal fit and arrangement.
- The bacteria from food spills and other sources are repelled by laminated wood!
Because the grain of the wood layers in plywood is interleaved, it is more robust than laminated wood but much less flexible.